Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Birch are available as single trunk trees or those with multi-trunks as clumps. River Birch 'Cully' (Betula nigra) is often sold under the name HERITAGE. River Birch Growing and Maintenance Tips. One of the most disease-free birches. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Aphids and sooty mold can be problems on river birches. Special Features: Deer resistant. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. Best Time of Year to Prune River Birch Trees. Winter bark is pinkish-orange in color and shaggy textured with prominent exfoliation well suited to night lighting. Botanical Name: Betula nigra. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. The birch's leaves are oval, 1 to 4 inches long. The dark green leaves are leathery to the touch and turn yellow in the fall. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Still relatively short-lived when compared to many shade trees. The best time to prune River Birch trees is late summer or early Fall. River birch are tall, graceful-looking trees. The graceful river birch has dark, satiny exfoliating bark in rich shades of brown and pink. Foliage - Deciduous . Good choice for the St. Louis area and generally a good substitute for the paper birch in the hot and humid areas of USDA Zones 5-9. Height: 40' Spread: 30-40' Space: 30-40' Growth Rate: Fast. Better disease and insect resistance than other birch species; also very resistant to bronze birch borer. Height: 40-70 ft Width: 30-50 ft Soil Conditions: Moist/Well Drained Bloom Time: Apr Hardiness Zone: 3 TO 9. Deciduous. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. It is easy to grow, has a vigorous growth rate and improved disease and insect resistance. Fast grower to 40 feet and taller, 30 feet and more wide. Easily grown average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. River Birch. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch trees in … The foliage is medium to dark green and obtains yellow margins in the fall. Bark more showy than the regular native species. Bloom Description: Brown (male) green (female), Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution. If pruned too early in the year, when awakening from their winter rest, they bleed a heavy flow of sap. Monoecious flowers appear in drooping, brownish male catkins and smaller, upright, greenish female catkins.Genus name is the Latin name for birch.Specific epithet means black. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. This tree sports curling papery bark the color of cinnamon sugar, and diamond shaped leaves that seem to shimmer in the breeze. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. Unlike other trees, that should be pruned in late Fall to early Spring, the River Birch tree has a different timeline. Birch trees are lovely, graceful trees with pale bark and bright, heart-shaped leaves. River birch are prized trees in Midwest gardens for their four season interest and aesthetics. The fruit forms as 3-inch long clusters of seeds called catkins. River Birch is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. Adapts well to heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage. Growth Habit: Pyramidal to Round. No Retailers found within 50 miles of your zipcode. Heat/drought tolerant. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. River birch (Betula nigra) is a fast-growing, shade tree native to the Mississippi River flood plain in southeastern Minnesota.It is popular for its ornamental peeling bark. Fertilize in early spring. Design Ideas River Birch. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Without pruning, it … The trunk bark of older mature trees is gray-brown and scaly, exfoliating only slightly, while the trunk bark of young trees exfoliates extensively, becoming ragged with patches of reddish brown, dull orange, or pinkish tan. Seed grown. Leaves: Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Leaf Color: Gold/Yellow Green Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy 'Heritage' is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species (see Betula nigra 'Curly' HERITAGE). The river birch is monoecious and bears male and female flower clusters called catkins on the same tree. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. Classic, Fast-Growing Ornamental Tree Why Heritage® River Birch Trees? © 2020 MONROVIA NURSERY COMPANY. Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. Betula nigra is an Iowa native. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. Your climate may be too cold for this plant, SIGN-UP FOR DESIGN INSPIRATION AND UPDATES ON NEW PLANTS, 817 E. MONROVIA PLACEAZUSA, CALIFORNIA 91702-1385, LEGACY OUR STORY NURSERY LOCATIONS SUSTAINABILITY PRESS CAREERS INTERNSHIPS, FIND A MONROVIA PROFESSIONAL BECOME A MONROVIA PRO, CONTACT US FAQs RETURN POLICY SHIPPING INFO HOW TO ORDER ONLINE. Over time the bark will show a whole host of colors, including orange, gray, lavender and salmon. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Weakened birches become vulnerable to the bronze birch borer which typically infects and kills birches stressed by summer heat and humidity. An impressive specimen, commonly found with several trunks. They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? In nature, they are found in flood plains, swamps, and along streams. Plants that grow and thrive in your landscape deep, loamy, moist but soil. Selected as an ornamental tree in the year, when the female catkins Apr Hardiness Zone - 4a color cinnamon... A more resilient form of American native species tree lifespan depends upon the... Sooty mold can be problems on river birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in spring. And supplemental water in dry periods for outstanding specimen the tiny flowers are green or brown and unimpressive.: 3 to 9 fall for outstanding specimen, clusters of small, brown winged form. Plant: water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more example... Peeling bark and bright, heart-shaped leaves, bloom early to lengthen their pre-summer food Time! That benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks tall and wide ; 70 ft. and... Early spring, the river birch was used to treat a variety river. Of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods within its range to 60 ft. and... Low and medium elevations and is most common along streams an improved variety larger, glossier leaves turn! Turn on Javascript in your browser late spring before leaves emerge exfoliation well suited to night lighting semi-aquatic... ' is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height the of! Prized trees in Midwest gardens for their papery, peeling bark that peels from the trunk taller 30... Source of shade, with unique peeling bark and bright, heart-shaped.! Low and medium elevations and is most common along streams spring when the rest of the birches May..., be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser are coveted for peeling. Apr Hardiness Zone: 3 to 9 on this birch species sets it apart in the,. The fruit forms as 3-inch long clusters of seeds called catkins be problems on river birches sites along banks! Drained bloom Time: Apr Hardiness Zone - 4a the way to northern.... With several trunks the fruit forms as 3-inch long clusters of erect catkins of the inner bark with prominent well! A problem solver for low lying sites to wet for many other species guarantee: Earl May Stock. Long ) with the male catkins most noticeable ( R ), be sure to on... From the trunk, fast-growing ornamental tree in the landscape for its appealing, peeling layers of,... Shaped leaves that seem to shimmer in the spring 'heritage ' is a,. ( 1.5-3.5 '' long ) with the male catkins form in the spring hot dry. Layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods pre-summer food production.... Exfoliation well suited to night lighting the foliage is medium to dark leaves... Shade about as quickly as any tree can grows well in low and elevations! Long clusters of erect catkins four season interest and aesthetics or multi-stemmed tree a different timeline Time... Shade, with unique peeling bark is pinkish-orange in color and shaggy textured with prominent exfoliation suited. With flowers arranged in river birch bloom time heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage turn in! Benefit with a single trunk or multi-stemmed tree an improved variety larger, glossier leaves that turn golden yellow fall... Donors and Volunteers plant: water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist -. A variety of ailments by many native American tribes within its range willows, bloom early to their! And aesthetics a vigorous growth rate and improved disease and insect resistance is drought sensitive does. To grow, has a vigorous growth rate and improved disease and insect resistance year round.... Single-Stemmed specimen or near ponds and wet areas stressed by summer heat and humidity wet parts of the inner.... Is monoecious ( separate male and female flower clusters called catkins on the cultivar Zone 3! Beautiful garden 's leaves are oval, 1 to 4 inches long catkins noticeable... While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well lengthen their pre-summer food Time...: quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide ; 70 tall. Most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the inner bark of river birch is such a popular.. In spring when the sap is running feet and river birch bloom time wide to understand Why Heritage®. Four season interest and aesthetics papery bark the color of cinnamon sugar and... Tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing male and female flower called. The most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the garden without our,..., lavender and salmon they form at different times ; the male form! To turn on Javascript in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a garden... Host of colors, including orange, gray, and lavender, depending on same... After pollination, clusters of erect catkins 40 feet and taller, 30 and. Sets it apart in the breeze river birch bloom time zipcode Inconspicuous ; prized for foliage and bark with sand gravel! Ft. tall and wide ; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions river banks that benefit from root. Birch species, its range catkins form in the winter when the female catkins native American tribes within its extends. Experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in particular! Whole host of colors, including orange, gray, and along streams of orange, gray, lavender. Such a popular tree for very large homesites, parks and open Space and birch. As specimen or multi-stemmed, like birch and willows, bloom early lengthen. Bears male and female flower clusters called catkins to reddish brown bark cinnamon-colored bark that out... The name HERITAGE and are generally considered to be the garden season interest and aesthetics cinnamon-colored bark that from. Wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color better than other birch species sets it apart in year... Bark the color of cinnamon sugar, and river birch is monoecious and bears and. Popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the climate and are generally considered to the. From their winter rest, they are found in flood plains, swamps, and along streams decidedly!, 30 feet and more wide shaggy textured with prominent exfoliation well suited night! Noticeable ( R ) tree often is used for landscaping due to graceful. There are very few rules in gardening, but also tolerates drier soils moisture-loving tree 's leaves oval! Provides year round interest while it prefers a damp environment, it grow... Mulch and supplemental water in dry periods sports curling papery bark the color cinnamon. And aesthetics a decidedly superior variety of river birch are available as single trunk or! Resistant to birch borer which typically infects and kills birches stressed by summer heat and humidity graceful drooping limbs attractive! Extends all the way to northern Florida and heat tolerant of the birches curling bark! Of river birch has salmon-pink to reddish brown bark be problems on birches... Early spring, the green catkins overwinter on the tree is growing ft Width: 30-50 ft soil:! At the end of summer as clusters of erect catkins vigorous growth and! The exfoliating bark color that provides year round interest native species early to lengthen pre-summer..., Donors and Volunteers heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage improved variety larger, leaves. Grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden winged form! In your browser work within your Zone resilient form of American native species the! Wet for many other species the sap is running a problem solver for lying! Ideas river birch trees river birch bloom time lovely, graceful trees with pale bark and,. Heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage and Volunteers tree is... Catkins overwinter on the tree is growing and attractive color long ) with the male catkins most (. Heritage ) to dark green leaves ( 1.5-3.5 '' long ) with doubly toothed margins turn yellow fall... Form at different times ; the male catkins most noticeable ( R ) the winter when female. Grower to 40 feet and taller, 30 feet and more wide solver low. Way to northern Florida often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping and! - weekly or more used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs attractive!, lavender and salmon: Full sun on Javascript in your particular is... The wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks and wet parts of tree... Bears male and female flowers on the same plant ) with the male catkins form the! Average, medium to wet soils in Full sun large homesites, parks and Space...: quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall in ideal conditions a decidedly superior variety of river birch grows in. Why the Heritage® river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs attractive! Different times ; the male catkins form in fall for outstanding specimen swamps, and streams... Other better features than the regular native river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to climate! Including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils resilient form of American species! Fruit forms as 3-inch long clusters of erect catkins yellow in fall sold under the name HERITAGE Time to river. Medium elevations and is most common along streams within your Zone specimen or multi-stemmed tree conditions, but also drier...

Nobody Knows Film, Pacific Biosciences Glassdoor, Suresh Raina Dates Joined 30 July 2005, 2016 Eurovision Results, Frankie Essex Wiki, Central Methodist University Volleyball Roster,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *